11in x 9in (280mm x 230mm). This original antique lithograph print of Fort Benton, on the Upper Missouri River Chouteau County, Montana by Sarony, Major & Knapp of New York was published for the United States Pacific Rail Road Expedition Survey (USPRR) northern survey expedition - between 1853-55. Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable Paper color : - off white Age of map color: - Original Colors used: - Yellow, green, blue, pink General color appearance: - Authentic Paper size: - 11in x 9in (280mm x 230mm) Plate size: - 11in x 9in (280mm x 230mm) Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm). Margins: - Light age toning in margins Plate area: - None Verso: - None.Background: Fort Benton is a city in and the county seat of Chouteau County, Montana, United States. Established in 1846, a full generation before the U. Civil War, Fort Benton is one of the oldest settlements in the American West; in contrast, many other places-including large cities today-were settled in the late 1860s, 1870s, or 1880s. Established by Auguste Chouteau and Pierre Chouteau, Jr. Louis in 1846 as the last fur trading post on the Upper Missouri River, the fort became an important economic center.
For 30 years, the port attracted steamboats carrying goods, merchants, gold miners and settlers, coming from New Orleans, Memphis, St. Louis, Hannibal, Bismarck, Kansas City, etc. As the terminus for the 642-mile-long Mullan Road, completed by the US Army in 1860, and at the head of navigation of the Missouri River, Fort Benton was part of the overland link between trade on the Missouri and the Columbia River, at Fort Walla Walla, Washington.
Twenty thousand migrants used the road in the first year to travel to the Northwest. It became an important route for miners from both directions going into the interior of Idaho, and north to Canada. Steamboat travel to Fort Benton from St. Louis, Missouri helped broadly fuel the development of the American West between 1860 and 1890, when it was supplanted by railroad transport. The river was an important route for miners to the newly discovered gold fields of southern Montana at what became Bannack and Virginia City beginning in 1862, and Helena, beginning in 1865.A town had grown up around it that surpassed the military presence. Besides being one of the most important ports on the Missouri-Mississippi river system, Fort Benton was once the World\'s Innermost Port. Its importance in trade was superseded by the construction of transcontinental railroads in the late 19th century. In 1867 Fort Benton was the site where Union General Thomas Francis Meagher, then acting governor of Montana Territory, fell overboard from his steamboat and drowned in the river; his body was never recovered. The discovery of gold in California further stimulated westward traffic and only heightened the need for a faster and more convenient way to bring the far-flung parts of the country together. In 1853 Congress commissioned the Army\\\'s Topographic Bureau to conduct a series of surveys to find a suitable route for a transcontinental railroad. There were six major expeditions; five of them covered the area between the Great Plains and California, Oregon, and Washington, and the sixth explored the coastal states of California and Oregon. All of these expeditions were accompanied by naturalists and were provided, through the Smithsonian, with equipment and instructions for collecting.
The northern survey, commanded by Isaac I. Stevens, governor of Washington Territory, explored roughly along the 47th parallel between St. Paul, MN and Puget Sound on the Pacific coast. Gibbs, and George Suckley served as naturalists.Another expedition, under the command of Capt. Gunnison, surveyed a central route along the 38th, 39th, and 41st parallels, through what is now Kansas, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. On 26 October 1853, Gunnison and a party of his men, including the botanist F. Kreutzfeldt, were killed in a skirmish with Indians.
Beckwith took over command and completed the expedition. The third expedition, under the command of Lt. Whipple, followed the 35th parallel from Fort Smith, AR to the Mojave Desert in southern California. The southern route followed the 32nd parallel and was covered by two expeditions: one under J. Pope went from the Red River to the Rio Grande, and the other, under Lt.Parke, worked between the Rio Grande and the Colorado River. Although the Pope expedition had no one formally assigned as a naturalist, collections were made by expedition personnel. Parke\\\'s expedition was accompanied by the naturalist A. Heerman, who later assisted R. Williamson, whose party explored a connecting route between 35th and 32nd parallels. Another expedition under the command of R. Abbott surveyed the area between the Sacramento Valley in California and the Columbia River, Oregon. Natural history collections were made by John S. The route that was finally selected for the railroad largely followed the 38th parallel, but the decision was mainly political. From a scientific viewpoint, the Railroad expeditions were a monumental accomplishment. Not only had the new western territories been explored and mapped, but the geology and biology were sampled more extensively than by previous expeditions. These specimens formed a major part of the Smithsonian\\\'s growing collections and formed the basis for the description of many new species. In terms of ichthyological collections, Stevens\\\'s Expedition, with Drs. Cooper and George Suckley as surgeons and naturalists; Whipple\\\'s expedition, with Caleb Kennerly as physician and naturalist; and Williamson\\\'s Expedition, with Dr. Heerman as physician and naturalist, were particularly noteworthy.
What is an Antique Map. The word Antique in the traditional sense refers to an item that is more than a hundred years old. The majority of antique maps for sale today come from books or atlases and have survived due to the protection offered by the hardback covers. The first thing to determine when staring a collection or purchasing an item, is what is important to you. Most collectors prefer to build their collections around a theme.You may decide to collect maps from one region or country, charting its development through time. Similarly you could collect maps of one particular period in time, by type i. Sea or celestial charts or by cartographer. The collector might also want to consider the theme of cartographical misconceptions such as California as an island or Australia as Terra Australis or the Great Southern Land. The subject is so wide that any would-be-collector has almost endless possibilities to find his own little niche within the field, and thereby build a rewarding collection. Starting a collection & pricing. Pricing is based on a number of different factors, the most important of which is regional. In any series of maps the most valuable are usually the World Map and the America/North America.
The World because it is usually the most decorative and America because it has the strongest regional market. Other factors that come into play re: price is rarity, age, size, historical importance, decorative value (colour) and overall condition and quality of paper it is printed on. As specialised dealers, we frequently work with first time map buyers who are just starting their collection. Classical Images was founded 1998 and has built an excellent reputation for supplying high quality original antiquarian maps, historical atlases, antique books and prints.
We carry an extensive inventory of antiquarian collectibles from the 15th to 19th century. Our collection typically includes rare books and decorative antique maps and prints by renowned cartographers, authors and engravers.
Specific items not listed may be sourced on request. Classical Images adheres to the Codes of Ethics outlined by the Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America (ABAA).We are a primarily an online based enterprise, however our inventory may be viewed by appointment. Attention Sellers - Get Templates Image Hosting, Scheduling at Auctiva.
This item is in the category "Antiques\Ethnographic\Native American". The seller is "searching01" and is located in this country: AU. This item can be shipped worldwide.